What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is an umbrella name that refers to joint pain or joint disease and there are many types of arthritis. Arthritis results from inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with age. Nevertheless, people of all ages can have arthritis.

The most common symptoms of arthritis are pain, swelling and stiffness that limit the degree of a joint’s mobility. Some types of arthritis are:

  • Osteoarthritis (OA) is also called arthrosis, degenerative arthritis, and is the most common type of arthritis. Our joints contain cartilage, which cushions surfaces at the ends of bones. When such a cartilage wears down, it causes bones to rub against each other, swell and become stiff. Factors such as excess weight, age, family history, injury and physical activity increase the chances of getting OA.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is also called inflammatory arthritis. It results from the immune system mistakenly attacking the joints and causing their inflammation, and possibly causing erosion. RA may cause damage to other organs. It is important to diagnose RA arthritis and slow its progress at early stages. Risk factors include family history.
  • Infectious arthritis occurs when microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi infect joints, causing their inflammation and pain. Such an infection may occur through food poisoning (salmonella and shigella), through sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia and gonorrhea) and through blood-to-blood infection (hepatitis C). Usually, infectious arthritis can be treated with antibiotics, but in certain cases it remains in the body permanently.
  • Metabolic arthritis is caused by when the body produces more uric acid than needed and the body cannot clear it. When uric acid builds up in joints, it forms crystals and causes sudden pain or a gout attack.

How can CBD help with Arthritis?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is an effective therapeutic agent that provides pain relief, reduces inflammation and prevents nerves from further damage. It acts upon endocannabinoid receptors within the joints. Animal studies have shown that CBD causes dose-dependent regress of pain, swelling and inflammation in joints, which means that a higher concentration of CBD in creams can bring better and faster results.

Studies have also shown that CBD has no side effects and does not affect brain functions. On the contrary, creams that also contain Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) have psychoactive side effects and their long-term use poses risks of developing psychosis and schizophrenia. As such, it is recommended to use CBD alone.

CBD is most effective when applied topically because it diffuses into joints through the skin. When applied topically, bioavailability of CBD for joints is at its highest levels. As such, we recommend Oliver’s Harvest CBD With Lidocaine Cream or Oliver’s Harvest With Capsaicin Cream that combine therapeutic and analgesic effects.

You can read a few studies published by National Institutes of Health on how CBD affects arthritis at the following links:

Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain-related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis.

Involvement of the endocannabinoid system in osteoarthritis pain.

Attenuation of early phase inflammation by cannabidiol prevents pain and nerve damage in rat osteoarthritis.

The abnormal cannabidiol analogue O-1602 reduces nociception in a rat model of acute arthritis via the putative cannabinoid receptor GPR55.


DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed do not necessarily represent any university, business or affiliates. While the information provided in this article is from published scientific studies, it is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease. Coast to Coast Natural is not responsible for the views and opinions shared in this article.