What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes blood glucose levels to be too high. Glucose is the major source of energy in your body. It circulates in the bloodstream and cells use it for their own functions. In order to uptake the molecules of glucose, cells use a hormone called insulin. Sometimes the body either produces too little insulin or cells do not use it well. This results in a high level of glucose in the blood, a condition called hyperglycemia. Having too much sugar in your blood can cause serious health problems, such as damage of vessels that supply blood to vital organs. This increases the risk of stroke, heart disease, kidney disease, vision problems and nerve problems. A high level of glucose in your blood also increases the risk of oxidative stress. For this reason, it is important to control the level of glucose at all times. There are several types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is when your body does not produce enough insulin. It happens when your body’s immune system destroys the cells that produce insulin. It can happen at any age, but is diagnosed mostly in children and young adults. It is important to take insulin every day for people with type 1 diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes is when your body cannot use insulin efficiently, which is sometimes referred to as insulin resistance. This means that even though your body produces insulin, the cells cannot use it to uptake glucose. To adjust, your pancreas starts producing more insulin until it cannot keep up with the growth of resistance.
- Gestational diabetes is when the body produces hormones that block insulin. This type of diabetes occurs only during pregnancy.
How can CBD help with Diabetes?
It is common for people with diabetes to develop complications, such as myocardial dysfunction, cardiac fibrosis, oxidative/nitrative stress and inflammation. In a 2010 study, CBD attenuated all these symptoms, as well as generation of oxygen species coming from high glucose level in the blood.
CBD can be beneficial because it lowers the incidence of diabetes. Another study demonstrated how CBD inhibited the delay of destructive insulitis (pancreatic disease) and inflammation, lowering the incidence of non-obese diabetes.
Another common complication of diabetes is retinopathy. Retinopathy results from damage to blood vessels at the back of the eye (retina). Initial symptoms are mild but it may eventually lead to blindness. Retinopathy is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Studies in 2006 and 2010 showed that CBD significantly reduced oxidative stress, prevented neurodegeneration, and decreased retinal cell death and vascular permeability.
To summarize, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD and a few other cannabinoids may help to prevent diabetic complications, as well as help to reduce the incidence of diabetes.
You can read a few studies published by the National Institutes of Health on how CBD affects diabetes at the following links:
Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study.
DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed do not necessarily represent any university, business or affiliates. While the information provided in this article is from published scientific studies, it is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease. Coast to Coast Natural is not responsible for the views and opinions shared in this article.